Medically known as Acne Vulgaris, acne is a skin problem that is mostly associated with the oil glands that are found at the base of the hair follicles. It is mostly observed at puberty when these oil glands actually come to life.
As a disorder, the only concern with acne is the scars that it can leave behind on the skin. Our skin consists of several pores that are connected to the oil glands located below the skin. These glands are called sebaceous glands and the secretion is called sebum which is an oily liquid. The role of the sebum is to carry dead skin cells to the surface of the skin so it can be removed. Sometimes the pores get blocked leading to accumulation of oil under the skin.
Types of Acne
Acne is a curable disorder. The type of acne treatment recommended depends entirely on the nature of the infection. There are several types of acne that are found on the skin. They are:
Whiteheads: These formations are extremely small and remain under the skin usually. They only require regular skin and acne treatment for best results.
Blackheads: Blackheads are visible on the skin clearly. They are caused by dead skin cells and will not be removed with just scrubbing. Targeted acne treatment is necessary to get rid of blackheads.
Papules: Papules are tiny bumps that are formed on the skin. They are usually pink in color and are seen on the skin surface.
Pustules: These are skin inflammations that also have a small amount of pus accumulated within them. The base is reddish with visible white pus in the centre.
Nobules: Nobules are large pimples that are hard and extremely painful. This type of acne is embedded in the skin and tends to create scars that are deep when the right acne treatment is not provided.
Cysts: These are most likely to cause scars. They are filled with pus and are extremely painful.
The Best Acne Treatment
Almost 3/4th of the population in the age group of 11 to 30 years will be affected with acne at some point. Acne can affect anyone irrespective of the age, gender and even race. Luckily, there are several types of acne treatments available to address the issue. For mild acne, several Over the Counter medicines are available. These medicines consist of active ingredients that are effective against oil production and bacterial infection. Some examples of these active ingredients are benzoyl peroxide, resorcinol, retin-A, salicylic acid and sulfur.
In case the infection is very severe, oral antibiotics may be recommended. If the formation of cysts and nobules persist, a corticosteroid injection is administered to treat inflammation and reduce the chances of scarring. There are also modern techniques like light treatment that can be used in acne treatment by reducing the growth of bacteria.
Before you opt for any best treatment for acne, it is necessary to diagnose the cause and the nature of the acne. This is done only when you seek help from a certified dermatologist.